Etiyopya'da Olağanüstü Hal Kapsamında Uyulması Gereken Kuralların Gayrıresmi İngilizce Tercümesi , 26.10.2016
RULES UNDER STATE OF EMERGENCY IN ETHIOPIA – UNOFFICIAL
PART I: Prohibited Activities
Part I A. Activities Prohibited Nationwide
Article 1— Agitation and Communication to Incite Violence
and Unrest: Covert or overt agitation and communication that could incite
violence and chaos including: printing, preparing and disseminating any content
that incites dispute, violence, conflict among people; importing or sending out
any publication without prior approval; the exchange of messages via Internet,
mobile, text, social media, and radio.
Article 2— Communicating with Terrorist Groups:
Communicating in any manner with designated terrorist groups or anti-peace
forces; storing and disseminating text or storing and promoting emblems of
terrorist groups; listening to, watching, or reporting information from
Ethiopian Satellite Television, Oromia Media Network, and other terrorist
groups outlets is prohibited.
Article 3—Unauthorized Demonstrations and Town Hall
Meetings: In the interest of protecting the safety and security of citizens, it
is prohibited to stage any demonstration and town hall meeting without CP
Article 4—Denying the Provision of Public Services: Closing
shops and businesses with licenses, or government institutions, or refusing to
deliver public services or being absent from work without sufficient reason is
prohibited. Threatening public or private employees from going to work is
Article 5—Strikes in Educational Institutions: Strikes in
any schools, universities, or other higher learning institutions or closing
educational institutions or damaging property are prohibited.
Article 6—Strikes in Sports Facilities: Inciting unrest,
disturbances, and violence in sports venues is prohibited.
Article 7—Disrupting Movement of Vehicles: Disrupting the
movement of vehicles or pedestrians or other means of transportation by
blocking roads or any other means, or increasing transportation fees is
Article 8—Causing Damage to Infrastructure and Religious
Institutions: Causing damage to or looting on private, public, and government
property or infrastructure, investments or any other institutions or religious institutions
Article 9—Disrupting Public and National Holidays:
Disrupting public and national holidays in any way or advancing any political
agenda or chanting slogans unrelated to the holiday is prohibited.
Article 10—Incitement During Religious, Cultural, and Public
Holidays: Inciting in sermons and teachings in religious institutions to induce
fear among people or incite conflict is prohibited.
Article 11—Disrupting the Functions of Law Enforcement
Bodies: Refusing to comply with any order given by law enforcement bodies,
disrupting their duties, non-cooperation with searches, or attacking or
attempting to attack law enforcement bodies is prohibited.
Article 12—Wearing Unauthorized Uniforms: The unauthorized
wearing, storing, selling or transferring of official uniforms of law
enforcement units is prohibited.
Article 13—Firearms or Flammable Materials: Bringing
firearms or flammable or sharp materials into market places, religious
institutions, or public places is prohibited.
Article 14—Transfer of Firearms: Any law enforcement officer
or any individual with legally owned firearms is prohibited from transferring
the same to a third party.
Article 15—Activities That Undermine Tolerance and Unity:
Committing acts that undermine tolerance and unity; any attacks based on
identity or ethnicity or speech that could incite such attacks is prohibited.
Article 16—Undermining National Sovereignty and Security:
Any exchange of information or contact by any individual with foreign
governments or nongovernmental organizations in a manner that undermines
national sovereignty and security; any political party is prohibited from
briefing local or foreign journalists in a manner that is
anti-constitutional and undermining sovereignty and security.
Article 17—Restricted Areas: Leaving refugee camps without
permission from the authorized body or entering the country without visa is
Article 18—Unauthorized Movement of Diplomats: In the
interest of their safety and security, diplomats are prohibited from traveling
no farther than 40 km outside of Addis without prior notification to and
approval from the CP.
Article 19—Duty of Law Enforcement Officers: Any law
enforcement officer is prohibited from resigning from their job or take leave
during the SOE unless and otherwise forced by a situation.
Article 20—Contributing to Public Unrest and Instability:
Providing, money, materials, shelter, encouragement, or any other support to
those who commit illegal activities is prohibited.
PART I: Prohibited Activities
Part I B. Restrictions in Specific Parts of the Country
Article 21—Mobility with Firearms: Any firearms, sharp
materials, or flammable items that could be used as a weapon may not be taken
outside one’s home.
Article 22— Attacks Targeting Infrastructure and Economic
Interests: Unauthorized persons are forbidden to be in the vicinity of economic
interests, infrastructure, investments, industrial areas, and commercial farms
from 6:00 pm to 6:00 am; law enforcement bodies are authorized to take any necessary
actions against violators.
Article 23—Curfew: Any individual is not allowed to move
from place to place violating curfews imposed by the CP in a specific location
Article 24— Disrupting Efforts to Control Violence: It is
prohibited to violate orders given to individuals or groups suspected of posing
a threat, groups vulnerable to harm (who may be ordered to stay away from
certain areas or buildings or to stay within certain areas); it is prohibited
to enter a road blocked by the order of CP.
PART I: Prohibited Activities
Part I C. Providing Information and Notifying Authorities
Article 25—Documenting rental units: Any person who rents
out a house, room, place, vehicle, or similar item is required to document
information about the identity of the renter and should report to police within
24 hours; in the case of a foreign national renter, the owner should make a
copy of the passport and rental agreement and must report to a nearby police
Article 26—Obligation to provide information: For the safety
and security of the public, all organizations are required to give information
when asked by law enforcement bodies at all levels.
PART II: Power To Implement Measures
Article 27—Law enforcement bodies are authorized to take
emergency action against: Any person or organization that violates prohibitions
under articles 1-24. (Note: it is not clear how the emergency actions are
different from those authorized under article 28.)
Article 28—Consequences for violations of Part 1 (Articles
1-26): Individuals may be arrested without a court order and may be held at a
location determined by the CP for a term up to the end of the SOE; detainees
may be eligible for release after completing a rehabilitation program or will
face trial based on the severity of their crime; law enforcement or the CP may
censor any message transmitted by radio, television, video, text, image,
theater, or film that violates the prohibitions listed in Part 1; authorities
may confiscate and return to the original owner, any looted property discovered
through the search of a suspected violator's house without a court order;
authorities may take legal measures or order educational institutions to take
measures against any student or staff member who violates the prohibitions in
Part 1; any group(s) or individual(s) suspected of posing a threat to public
peace and security or individuals or groups assumed to be vulnerable to harm
can be prohibited from entering certain areas or may be confined within
restricted areas; authorities may take other relevant measures.
Article 29—Authorization for law enforcement to exercise
self-defense: law enforcement bodies and individuals engaged in protection
duties may take any defensive measures necessary if attacked by firearms or
Article 30—Authority for law enforcement to enter into
educational institutions: Law enforcement bodies may enter schools,
universities, and other related institutions and can take measures to control
strikes or protests; in addition to educational institutions, authorities may
enter and occupy public and private organizations if necessary to arrest and
control strikes or protesters. They may stay inside these institutions
PART III: Rehabilitation Measures
Article 31—Rehabilitation measures: The CP will bring to
justice those who deserve it. Individuals or groups who were involved in
conducting violence during the last year, upon returning looted property,
including government firearms and private property to nearby police stations
within 10 days of this announcement may receive rehabilitation as punishment;
those who supported illegal activities materially or financially and surrender
to the nearby police station within 10 days of this announcement may receive
rehabilitation as punishment; anyone who was involved in protest by
distributing materials, involved in murder, or destruction of property may turn
themselves into police within 10 days of the enactment of this law; the
duration of rehabilitation depends on the severity of the crime; individuals
may be set free after undergoing rehabilitation programs.